React Vs Angular – Hunt for the Perfect Front-end Framework for Developing an Ecommerce Website

Deciding on the right frontend framework for your Ecommerce website can be quite an overwhelming task as there are many options available out there. Out of the many frameworks, two particularly stand out which are Angular and React. Both these frameworks are high-performing and mainly used for Ecommerce web development. Both the frameworks help to develop scalable, high-quality and flexible interactive web apps.

Why people opt for React Web Development?

Built by Facebook, React JavaScript is a declarative, and flexible open-source JavaScript-based framework which is used for building user interfaces. It is a JavaScript library that helps to build beautiful Ecommerce websites with less effort and coding.

Reusability

React comes with a component base structure and enables the developers to create reusable components that help to improve their productivity.

Fast Rendering

Document Object Model (DOM) manipulations are not fast enough when handling complex applications. React helps to solve this problem by using virtual DOM where the DOM is saved in memory. Any new changes are first reflected in the virtual DOM. Then a comparison between previous and current states takes place and the best way to apply these changes is identified. Finally, they are applied to the DOM to ensure high performance.

SEO Friendly

High speed and high performance along with easy backend rendering make react projects better optimized for search engines and help to provide a better user experience.

UI Test Cases

Since the virtual DOM is implemented fully in JavaScript, it is extremely easy to write test cases in an efficient way for React JS.

Why people opt for Angular Web Development?

Angular JS is an open-source front-end web framework developed by Google which helps to develop dynamic and scalable web applications. It is powered by time-saving intuitive tools to build an Angular Ecommerce Website as quickly as possible.

Easy MVC Implementation

It allows for the easy implementation of MVC. Usually, MVC frameworks require dividing the application into components and assembling them. In Angular JS, MVC implementation involves the first part i.e. division of an application into components but the latter part of assembling the components is taken care of automatically.

Declarative UI

Angular JS allows you to use HTML as the language for the template and to extend the HTML syntax to express the components of applications clearly and efficiently. The combination of HTML, a declarative language and Angular JS results in the creation of web application development with a declarative user interface.

Less Coding

Data binding and dependency injection in Angular JS helps to eliminate much of the code which the developer would otherwise have to write.

Security

Angular JS has built-in protections against web-development vulnerabilities such as cross-site scripting attacks and HTML injection attacks. It also works well with security measures such as HTTPS and server-side authentication and authorization thereby providing high-end security.

Testability

Since Angular JS comes with built-in dependency injection, it allows for easier testing of components. Components with their dependencies injected can be easily mocked on a test by test basis.

React Vs Angular – Comparison Table

Aspect React Angular
Developed by Facebook Google
Learning Curve Developers are more comfortable learning React JS It is easy to learn the basics of Angular JS but becomes tedious as it has plenty of code
Packaging Allows for packaging as it is made of simple JavaScript Angular JS is too rigid to allow the flexibility required for packaging
Abstraction Implemented mixins make it easier for abstraction Tough to carry out abstraction but developers can debug the internals when coding.
Debugging As the codes of the React and the one written by a developer are stored in two different stacks, it is easier to do debugging Even though the codes are big and different, coders can still debug the application as the constructs in the coding stacks are logical
Code Reusability React has a library that is stocked up and allows the developer to use the codes in the way they want The library of Angular JS is large and has a lot of ready-made stuff which can be used by developers for coding
Resolving Dependencies Doesn’t have an in-built container for dependency injection and requires the use of external tools Allows to write dependencies in a separate file and pass them as parameters into the functions
Performance Creates light-weight virtual DOM on the server-side, sends changed HTML elements only to the browser and doesn’t involve the use of watcher making it more effective in terms of performance Two-way data binding and changes to the real DOM in the browser negatively impacts the performance. But this has been rectified in the Angular 2 & 4 frameworks with one-way binding
Data Binding Uses one-way data binding Uses two-way data binding
Componentization Doesn’t have the model & controller layer Comprises of three layers – View, Model & Controller
Directives & Templates No division into templates and directives. Defines logic and template in one place Supports standard and specific directives and template should contain an element as an attribute for a directive

Learning Curve

Compared to Angular JS, web developers are more comfortable mastering the codes in React JS. It is easy to learn the basics of Angular JS. But, the learning process gets tedious as the developers have to master plenty of code. Even though this is not the case with React JS, developers need to have an in-depth knowledge of the integration user interface to convert the free library into an MVC framework.

Packaging

The packaging gives developers, the freedom to deploy the codes in the manner they want and also aids in achieving faster loading time which is extremely important for Ecommerce web development. This can be easily done when using React JS. Angular JS, on the other hand, is too rigid for packaging.

Abstraction

Abstraction is a process that allows the developers to conceal the back-end details and perform coding without the need for debugging. It is tough to carry out in Angular JS as it involves an in-depth understanding of the underlying model. React JS even though isn’t flexible enough allows for easier abstraction as it has implemented mixins.

Debugging

Debugging is a tedious process with Angular JS since it is event-driven and codes in stacks are big. But the big advantage is that constructs used in code stacks are logical which allows for efficient debugging. For the debugging process, developers have to look at fewer places for errors since React JS codes and the ones written by developers are stored in separate stacks making it simpler and easier to debug.

Code Reusability

Angular JS has been there for a long time and has large libraries with a lot of ready to use stuff. It has HTML syntax extensions which can be used to create reusable components by directives. React JS also has a stocked up library which allows the developers to use the codes in the best way possible. React has many readymade modules that can be used for various purposes.

Resolving Dependencies

Since Angular JS involves the use of dependency injection, an Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) pattern, it allows for writing dependencies in a separate file. Writing a dependency directly in an object is difficult and in Angular JS, we only pass the dependencies as parameters in the order of our choice.
React doesn’t have any built-in container for writing dependency injections. You can use any tools to inject dependencies into the application automatically but the challenge is to find the right tool.

Data Binding

Angular JS involves the use of two-way data binding to connect the Document Object Model (DOM) values with the model data via the controller. If a new value is added by the user, it updates both the view as well as the model. The benefit of the two-way data binding approach for angular web development is that less code is enough for creating interactions between the view and the model.

React uses one-way data binding which allows for the flow of data in one direction only. This helps to give a clear picture of when the data changes were made.

Performance

The performance of Angular 1.x and higher is slow as it relies on the two-way binding. In Angular Ecommerce website development, we can bind the values in HTML to our model and the framework creates a watcher for each binding in DOM for tracking changes. As the view updates, Angular JS does a comparison of new value with the initial value and runs the $digest loop. This loop in addition to checking the updated values also checks for all other values that are tracked via watchers.

Moreover, a new $digest cycle is run all over again when a change of value is triggered by a different value. Angular JS also applies changes to the real DOM in the browser and when this happens, the browser will update internal values to represent the new DOM which negatively impacts the development.

Hence, Angular 2 and Angular 4 frameworks have been built to support one-way data binding and also features server-side rendering while still giving the two-way data binding as an option.

React JS supports the concept of virtual DOM which helps to reduce the load on the browser. It creates a light-weight DOM on the server-side and whenever changes happen, the framework creates a new virtual DOM and compares it with the old DOM. If any differences are found, it rebuilds the virtual DOM with the new changes. Also, it only sends changed elements to the browser and doesn’t involve the use of watchers making it easier to control performance.

Componentization

React as well as Angular JS have component-based architecture.

Angular Ecommerce projects involve the use of three layers which are Model, View, and Controller. The model part involves the object in Angular JS which is initialized by the controller and leads to the creation of view with transformed HTML. The components in Angular JS are loosely coupled, have deep binding, properly encapsulated, and contains elements with relevant functionality. This makes it reusable and easy to test & maintain.

React doesn’t have the model and controller layers. It uses Flux instead to control the application flow. React allows for the simple and efficient creation of component trees with declarative component definitions. The components used in React helps to write readable and logically structured code.

Directive & Templates

Directives help to organize the code around the DOM and one can access the DOM through the directives only in Angular JS. The framework allows for the creation of custom directives and to insert data into the templates which should contain an attribute for the directive.

In react JS, there is no division into templates and directives. It helps to define logic and template in one place. This helps the developer to easily understand what is happening.

Which is better: React for Ecommerce or Angular Ecommerce Website?

Despite the huge differences between Angular and React, they both can be used efficiently as front end development frameworks. Angular JS has many features that are useful for developers whereas React JS provides the flexibility required to easily build applications. One can consider Angular as a featured framework as it has a programming community to provide strong support.

React involves writing old-school JavaScript and embedding it into HTML making it easier to start. But developers have to master additional tools like Flux. Even though Angular JS is difficult to master at the beginning due to unusual syntax, once you get well-versed with it, you will benefit from its multiple features.

When compared with Angular, react requires minimal code. But Angular stands on its own when there is a requirement for the state-of-the-art backend for one-page applications.

Neither Angular nor React is worse or better as both have their pros and cons. One should opt for either one of the frameworks based on the custom application goals and system constraints.